L E P/Social and political relations

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Lexical Expansion Project

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face (B)

social reputation

owe, debt (B)

enemy (B)

Opposite of "friend." Greek distinguishes personal enmity from political or wartime enemies.

surrender, capitulate (B)

associate with, hang out with (A)

Don't hang out with sky people!

free (adj) (A)

not restricted
not confined
at liberty

freedom (C)

Presumably derivable from A-list free.

gain, obtain, attain (v.tr.) (B)

Through hard work, he gained the people's hearts.
No matter what he does, he can never obtain a Toruk skull.
After years of waiting, he attained the position of olo'eyktan.
antonym of tatep?

give as a present (B)

German: Mein Mann schenkt mir oft Blumen. (= My husband often gives flowers (as a present) to me.)
The German "schenken" isn't the same than just "give" or "grant", it describes the action of giving something to a person in order to make this person happy. Social position or alike isn't considered at all, when "schenken" is used (unlike "grant", where the direction of the action is always "above -> below").

swap, swapping (B)

although they may not know about trading or alike, swapping could maybe known

intimate, close to somebody (B)

earn (A)

Earn your keep
You've earned a beating (skxawng!)
Even if the Na'vi society doesn't use money or even trading for that matter, the concept of "earning" is still likely to exist.

due, deserved fate, comeuppance (B)

Not with a negative connotation (as it usually has in English), but rather when someone "gets what they earned/deserve"

fidelity, faithfulness,loyalty (n); faithful, loyal (adj) (B)

Dionysius admits the moral value of fidelity and asks to be considered as a friend in their midst.
He has always been faithful to the rules of the Na'vi people.
No-one dared to question his loyalty to the Na'vi.

revenge (B)

Obviously something the Na'vi understand (at least conceptually) with Jake's "well we will send THEM a message" speech.

forgive (B)

Might be "txoa si"?

avenge (C)

get revenge for (someone else)
constructible from "revenge"?

vindicate (C)

This word typically has a more noble connotation than "avenge", and usually means "to get justice for" some other party that is typically otherwise unable to get justice for themselves.

justice (B)

normal, ordinary, expected, typical (A)

It was normal for him to be here.
It was just another typical rain on Pandora.

ally (n. or v.) (B)

Na'vi clans allied with each other.
Ancient Greek has σύμμαχος – "someone who fights together with you", "brother in arm" . Συμμαχία then means alliance, "fighting together".

mutual, in common (C)

obey, disobey (B)

belong, fit in (B)

I belong in the Na'vi community.

satisfy, please (A)

I'll do anything to please you.

respect (n. and v.) (A)

polite, respectful (A)

about words and behavior

bring up, rear (a child) (B)

adult person (A)

elder, older person (A)

does age bring with it respect?

entertain (B)

"to keep occupied and happy"

introduce (B)

Let me introduce you to my mother.

approve, consent to (B)

The leader didn't approve (of) our plan.
Does mlllte cover this? Is "deny" covered by sto?

clique, circle, crowd (C)

I don't like the crowd Neytiri is hanging out with.
That bunch was always trouble in school.
Some term to describe a group of people who characteristically associate, work together, etc.

behavior (C)

The behavior of the Sky People is execrable.
A child's behavior can be forgiven.
Perhaps noun from treat?

celebrate (C)

We won! Let's celebrate!

compete (C)

Toruk often competes with his neighbors for territory.
Those two are competing for Neytiri's attention.

compromise, bargain (C)

We will not bargain with the Sky People.
You and your sister will have to compromise.

congratulate (C)

Why didn't you congratulate Jake on his win?

deny, refuse (a request) (C)

My mom said no!
Will our leader refuse this request?

duty, obligation (C)

It is your duty to protect this land.
We forgot our obligation to the clan.

enforce, impose (C)

Can we enforce the exile?
They impose their desires without mercy.

excuse (C)

We excuse children their mistakes.
I'm sorry — can you excuse my rudeness?

famous, well-known (C)

The stories of Toruk Makto are well-known to all.
He is a famous singer.

honest (C)

He's honest for a Sky Person.

invite (C)

Let's invite them here tomorrow.
In a communal society, how often is this word to be used for individuals? It might still be usable for invitations extended further afield, to other clans.

oppose, object to, protest (C)

I oppose this decision!

oppress (C)

He was a foolish leader who oppressed his people.

overthrow (C)

They overthrew their bad leaders.

partner (C)

Take a partner when you go hunting!
Someone you're temporarily working with to accomplish some task — not as serious as lertu.

unite (C)

Toruk Makto united the people.