L E P/Speech and language

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Lexical Expansion Project

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funny/humerous (adj.) (C)

The joke was funny.
It hurt when I stubbed my toe, but it was funny when you fell off your ikran and broke your neck.

joke (n. or v.) (B)

various fill sounds (C)

um... eh... hrrm... oh... mmmm! aahhh!

huh? (C)

excuse me? bitte? pardon? quoi? comment? (lit. "how?") could you repeat that?
Klingon nuqjatlh lit. "say what?"

well done, bravo, congratulations (B)

boo, you suck (B)

hang in there, hold out, don't give up (C)

alas (C)

A word to express mild dismay.

behold, here it is (B)

Here they are! Your new arrows.
And behold! Our hunter!

お疲れさま (honorable tiredness), ご苦労さま (honorable suffering/hardship/pain/anxiety) (C)


you're welcome (A)

Don't mention it, Any time, My pleasure
De nada (es), De rien (fr)
Swedish: Varsågod ("be so good"), Ingen orsak ("no cause"); German: Bitte ("please" = rutxe)
response to irayo, if any

succeed despite idiocy, serendipity (C)

"pull a Homer" (Simpsons)

sarcastic, ironic (B)

Klingon wejpuH "charming, that's just great" (ironic)
to what extent does Na'vi do such things?

yell, talk loudly or angrily (A)

various colloquial greetings (C)

beyond kaltxì and kìyevame

swear, curse (B)

to what extent do the Na'vi swear? more than pxasìk?

various insults (B)

beyond skxawng

persuade, convince (A)

argue, dispute (A)

They were arguing with their daughter about her boyfriend.

describe, illustrate (B)

demand, require, order (B)

admit guilt (C)

reason (v.) (C)

ronsem si?

mutter, mumble (C)

whisper (A)

sentence (C)

bounded sequence of words

scold, berate (B)

announce (B)

contradict (B)

belittle, make fun of (B)

They teased him because his small eyes made him look like a skyperson.
He belittled the boy in front of his peers and the boy's lack of experience was painfully illustrated.

praise (n. or v.) (B)

frown, scowl (B)

Eytukan only has to frown to make someone stop what they're doing.

narrate (A)

relate a story or tale to an audience in an entertaining fashion
important for oral tradition

story, account, legend, myth (B)

Distinction between fictional and factual? (1) account of a past event, based on a historical fact, or aiming to explain one would for example be used to talk about the 5th Toruk Makto, close to the English "legend"; (2) account of a past event, without any tangible relation to history, nor necessarily true; (3) equivalent of a myth, chiefly used in spiritual context (the Na'vi equivalent of Genesis, perhaps?); (4) true account of a recent event used for telling things like "last week we fought the skypeople"

hiss, bare teeth (B)

threatening noise/gesture
related to "threaten(ing)"?

gesture (C)

"I see you" hand gesture
thumbs up/thumbs down
"come here" wave, "stay there" palm

whistle (B)

call to ikran

unexpected (B)

out of context of the conversation
Japanese (and probably Chinese) have 意外: igai (Thought)(Outside) Outside of (what I) thought

propose, suggest (v.tr.) (B)

I propose we hunt now.
Oel (propose) futa set ayoeng taron.

suggest, insinuate, hint at (v.tr.) (B)

Are you suggesting that he may be an alien?
Ngal (suggest) futa po ketuwong livu srak?

interrupt (v.) (B)

Elinor Burkett pulled a Kayne West and interrupted Roger Ross Williams.
Possibly same or different word: He dropped a rock in the river, interrupting the flow.
Possibly intrans w/ causative to indicate interrupting someone?

never mind (B)

What did you do? Never mind, it doesn’t matter.

eureka (A)

exclamation signalling astonishment about understanding something

close call (C)

It was close, but we managed to escape from the toruk.

hell no, over my dead body (B)

a very strong negative statement

neither (B)

-I'm not a good singer. -Neither am I.
ke + kop?

hold in, keep to oneself (C)

He was saying stupid things, but I held my tongue (held my mouth = German).

Keep it up! (C)

Good job! Keep it up!

no worries (C)

no harm done, that's ok (response to an apology)
-Sorry for stepping on your tail. -<No worries>.

can't be bothered (C)

Swedish: Jag orkar inte (lit. "I don't have the energy"), Jag ids inte ("I can't bring myself to [do something taxing/difficult]")
Spanish: No tengo ganas ("I don't feel like [doing something]")
German: Ich hab(e) keine Lust ("I don't have the desire [to do sth]"), Ich hab(e) (gerade) keinen Bock (darauf) ("I'm not in the mood [to do sth]"). [3]

explain (a fact or situation) (B)

There's already "explain (why)" on the list, but maybe explaining not a reason, but things (like e. g. teachers do) is seen different.

instruct, instruction (B)

The leader instructed the warriors to take care of ...
not necessary the same like "to teach", but also temporary tell someone, what to do

beg (B)

warn, alert (C)

Did you warn him about the wasp nest?
Warn the clan leader — the sky people are coming!

urge, advise (C)

I urge you to go see for yourself.
They advised me not to worry about it.

secret (C)

Keep this news secret from the Sky People.
Simply "hidden"? And what about a word for something "kouthe in sondry londes," openly known?

point, thrust (n), crux (C)

What is the point of this?

spread the word, pass the news around (C)

I'll let everyone know — we attack at dawn.
Spread the word — party at Jake's!